Panayotis D. Cangelaris - Greek Diplomat and Collector
 

"THE KINGDOM OF EGYPT (1922-1953)"

Philatelic Exhibit
 This exhibit comprises postage stamps of the Kingdom of Egypt (1922-1953), one of the first to employ photogravure as a method of stamp printing and a pioneer in the use of Airmail

It is divided in nine parts:

(1)  Proofs and Essays
(2)  Definitive Stamps
(3)  Commemorative Stamps
(4)  Airmail Stamps
(5)  Express Mail Stamps
(6)  Army Post
(7)  Postal Stationery
(8)  Official Stamps
(9)  Postage Due Stamps

[An introduction and a sample from the material contained in the exhibit are shown here]

 

 Introduction

Objective of this exhibit is to show the stamps, varieties (essays, proofs etc.), errors and usages of the principal issues of the Kingdom of Egypt (1922-1953), including rarities once belonging to the Palace Collection.

The Kingdom of Egypt was created by a treaty with Great Britain concluded in 1922 and providing for Egypt’s independence.  It made the then ruler, Sultan Ahmed Fouad, the first King of Egypt under the name Fouad I.  Great Britain, however, retained the right to station troops in Egypt and refused to consider Egyptian claims to the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.  The British protectorate was maintained until the promulgation of a new treaty in 1936, which promised the eventual withdrawal of British troops. King Fouad I was succeeded by his son Farouk I.  In 1937 a further step toward sovereignty was accomplished by an agreement (which went into effect in 1949) to end extraterritoriality there.

After World War II Egypt actively opposed the UN partition of Palestine in 1948 and, joining its forces with the other members of the Arab League, sent troops into the Negev to be bitterly repelled by the Israeli forces.  In 1951, the Egyptian Parliament abrogated the Condominium Convention (1899) and declared sole Egyptian sovereignty over Sudan with King Farouk I as King of both countries. This, however, had little effect in Sudan, since the British did not recognize it and continued to govern the country.  A year later (1952), the military, headed by General Muhammed Naguib, took power by coup.  King Farouk I abdicated in favour of his infant son, Ahmed Fuad II, but in 1953 the monarchy was abolished and a republic was declared.

Egypt was the first non-colonial African country to issue, and later print, its own stamps, and was one of the first to employ photogravure as a method of stamp printing.  A pioneer in the use of Airmail had also the fortune of having its Kings, Fouad I and his son Farouk I, avid philatelists.  They both amassed one of the richest and finest stamp collections in the world, which, after the proclamation of the republic, was confiscated and publicly auctioned (1954).  Thus, philately in Egypt was among the most important of all and the quality of the stamps issued during this period (1922-1953) one with the highest standards ever.

During the period under examination the following printing processes have been employed to produce Egyptian stamps and postal stationary:  typical typography, classic recess, photogravure, lithography and embossed printing.  The printers of Egyptian stamps included:  “The Government Printing Works”, in Boulac, Cairo, “Thomas De La Rue & Co. Ltd”, London, “Harrison & Sons Ltd”, London, “Nederland Rotogravure Maatschappaij”, Holland and “The Survey Department of Egypt”, at Giza, Cairo.

 
Proofs and Essays
 1922: Essays of Harrison & Sons, London
 
 
 Imperforate and watermarked
 
 

  Bicolor composite cut and pasted in different colors (left and right)
Imperforate and unwatermarked (centre)
 
Imperforate and unwatermarked - Two dots missing under Arabic "malima" 
 
 

 

Definitive Stamps
1922:  The Crown overprints

 

 
Red trial overprint Partially overprinted
 
 1923-1924  King Fouad First Portrait Issue

 
 Imperforate proof
 1926 and 1932:  Surcharges
 
 
 Inverted overprint
 1927-1937  King Fouad Second Portrait Issue
 
Royal oblique perforation 
 
 First flight cover from Port Said to Candia, Crete by the Imperial Airways
English Royal imperforate proof printing on card with "Cancelled" on reverse Arabic
 
 1937-1946:  Young King Farouk (Investiture) Issue
 
F.D.C. from the Parliament to England
 
Royal imperforate proof printing on card with "Cancelled" on reverse (left and top right)
Imperforate (right)
 

Royal oblique perforation
1944-1951:  King Farouk Military (Marshal) Issue
Imperforate

Two differing degrees of misplaced center

1953:  Pictorial Set
Red color badly misplaced "bleeding cheek"
 

 

Commemorative Stamps
1926:  Inauguration of Port Fouad
Overprint in black
1927:  International Cotton Congress, Cairo
Registered cover from Cairo to Prague
1929:  Prince Farouk's 9th Birthday
           
Center in black (left) and brown (right)
1931:  Visit of "Graf Zeppelin" LZ127 to Egypt
Post card with 50 on 27 M overprint with deformed "3" ("1951" for "1931")
1933:  International Aviation Congress, Cairo
F.D.C. to Alexandria with mistaken date ("20 DE 32") cancellation
1934:  10th Universal Postal Union Congress, Cairo
                       
Royal imperforate proof printing on card with "Cancelled" on reverse
1938:  King Farouk's 18th Birthday
Imperforate pair with frame only (right)
1942:  Millenary of Al-Azhar University
                      
Never issued set and the 6 M later destroyed (left) - Royal oblique perforation (right)
1949:  100th Anniversary of the Death of Mohamed Ali Pasha
F.D.C. addressed to H.M. the King (ex Palace Collection)
The Palace Collection seal "Saraya Al-Koubbeh"
1951:  Royal Wedding of King Farouk and Queen Narriman
Portrait misplaced
 

 

Airmail Stamps
1929:  Aeroplane over the Nile
First flight cover from Cairo to Athens, Greece by the Imperial Airways
1933:  Aeroplane over the Pyramids of Giza
Royal imperforate proof printing on card with "Cancelled" on reverse
1941:  Aeroplane over the Pyramids of Giza
              
Royal oblique perforation on 25 M slate-purple issued in 1946 (right)
1952:  Aeroplane over the Delta Barrage with King Farouk's portrait (Air Marshal)
Inverted overprint "King of Egypt and the Sudan - 16 October 1951"
 

 

Express Stamps
1929
Cover from Cairo to Port Said tied with special Express cancel
1952
Color trial of the overprint "King of Egypt and the Sudan - 16 October 1951" in red
 

 

Army Post
1936 and 1939
                          
Royal imperforate proof printing on card with "Cancelled" on reverse
 

 

Postal Stationery
1934:  King Fouad (Profile)
Embossed registered letter
 

 

Official Stamps
1922-1923, 1924, 1926-1934-1936, 1938, 1952
        
O.H.E.M.S. (On His Egyptian Majesty's Service) and "Amiri" overprints (left)
Royal imperforate proof printing on card with "Cancelled" on reverse (center)
"King of Egypt and the Sudan - 16 October 1951"overprint (right)
 

 

Postage Due Stamps
1927 - 1932 - 1938 - 1941
Taxed cover from Liverpool to Port Said
 

To view the full exhibit online, please click here

 

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